Wild Pakistan – Flowers and Plants

Because of its diverse landscapes, Pakistan is home to many unusual animals and plants. Here are just a few of the amazing flowers and plants the country has to offer: 

Prickly Acacia

This small tree is named for the thorns that grow on its branches, which can reach two inches in length. Yellow puffball like flowers adorn the tree from March to July, though it is not uncommon for flowers to grow during the rest of the year. This plant is also edible, making its way into a variety of dishes. The flowers can be made into fritters, the bark used in wine, and the sprouted seeds are eaten as a vegetable. Native to Pakistan and India, this tree is an invasive species in other areas of the world, such as Australia. 

 Babool_(Acacia_nilotica)_flowers_at_Hodal_W_IMG_1163

 

Coral Tree

The bright red distinctive flowers of the coral tree make it a pleasure to look at and a favorite among exotic gardens. In the fall, the large multicolored leaves drop, though in the warmest areas it keeps its leaves all year. Because of the claw like spines that grow along the trunk and branches of the tree, another name for it is Tiger’s Claw. A large plant, these trees reach up to 80 feet tall. They have bean shaped seedpods, which are highly poisonous to humans if eaten. 

 Erythrina_variegata

 

Deodar Cedar

Also called the Himalayan Cedar, Deodar Cedars are the national tree of Pakistan. Gardens in Pakistan have some trees that are over 200 years old. These trees live in mountainous areas, and can grow in altitudes as high as 10,000 feet. The cones have thin scales, and round out in shape as they mature. Another plant used widely in decorative gardening, the silvery green needles and low drooping branches make it an attractive choice.

 800px-Himalaya-Zeder-Zapfen

 

Jasmine 

The official flower of Pakistan, common jasmine remains a fragrant favorite the world over. In gardens it is grown both for looks and scent, though it does best in warmer climates. A harsh winter night below 10 degrees Fahrenheit can kill a healthy jasmine shrub. A common additive in tea, the small white flowers are edible. Believed to have calming properties, it is also used for its scent in lotions and bath products.

 600px-Jasminum_officinale-IMG_3470

 

Malabar Nut

The Malabar nut is a shrub that grows throughout South Asia, and is the largest of its genus. The plant can reach 13 feet in height, and the flowers open on the top of large stalks. Malabar nuts require little water and are a fairly hardy plant in the winter. Since ancient times, the leaves have been used to make medicine for treating a wide variety of ailments including chest congestion, breathing problems, and sinus congestion. 

 1024px-Justicia_adhatoda_002

 

 

Sources:

http://www.daff.qld.gov.au/plants/weeds-pest-animals-ants/weeds/a-z-listing-of-weeds/photo-guide-to-weeds/prickly-acacia
http://tropical.theferns.info/viewtropical.php?id=Vachellia+nilotica
http://www.floridata.com/ref/e/eryt_var.cfm
http://www.worldagroforestry.org/treedb2/AFTPDFS/Erythrina_variegata.pdf
http://dendro.cnre.vt.edu/dendrology/syllabus/factsheet.cfm?ID=456
http://www.iucnredlist.org/details/42304/0
https://namethatplant.wordpress.com/tag/cedrus-deodara-aurea/
http://www.missouribotanicalgarden.org/PlantFinder/PlantFinderDetails.aspx?kempercode=b559
http://www.pfaf.org/user/Plant.aspx?LatinName=Jasminum+officinale
http://www.pacifichorticulture.org/articles/romantic-poets-jasmine-woos-gardening-hearts-in-cascadia/
http://www.flowersofindia.net/catalog/slides/Malabar%20Nut.html
http://www.igarden.com.au/plant-type.jsp?t=Justicia&id=1196
http://www.webmd.com/vitamins-supplements/ingredientmono-1-malabar%20nut.aspx?activeingredientid=1&activeingredientname=malabar%20nut

Photos:

http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Babool_(Acacia_nilotica)_flowers_at_Hodal_W_IMG_1163.jpg Author: J.M.Garg
http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Erythrina_variegata.jpg Author: Tauʻolunga
http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Himalaya-Zeder-Zapfen.jpg
http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Jasminum_officinale-IMG_3470.jpg Author: C T Johansson
http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Justicia_adhatoda_002.JPG Author: H. Zell

 Banner Photos:
http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Babool_(Acacia_nilotica)_flowers_at_Hodal_W_IMG_1163.jpg Author: J.M.Garg
http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Erythrina_variegata.jpg Author: Tauʻolunga
http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Indianbullfrog_sal.jpg Author: Saleem Hameed Permission: cc-by-2.5
http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Ursus_thibetanus_3_(Wroclaw_zoo).JPG Author: Guérin Nicolas
http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Red_Avadavat_(Amandava_amandava)_W_IMG_4408.jpg Author: J.M.Garg

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Anne Sutherland

Administrative Coordinator at Allshore Virtual Staffing
Anne Sutherland is an Administrative Coordinator at Allshore Virtual Staffing, a remote staffing agency. Having a BA in Asian Studies, minor in Japanese, and time spent abroad, Anne excels at multi-cultural communication and continually stays up to date on cultural events and research.

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